Ethiopia: Effects of the Drought and Measures Undertaken

Publisher: IUS/REYA in Ethiopia

Written in English
Published: Pages: 19 Downloads: 600
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Number of Pages19
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Open LibraryOL24711192M

The second edition of ISDR-Biblio is on Drought, Desertification and Water scarcity. Drought is one of the major threats among natural hazards to peopleâ€&#x;s livelihood and socio.   Climate change is a global phenomenon that results in global warming, droughts, flooding and depletion of natural resources (Adger et al. ; Parry et al. ; Naqvi and Sejian ).A study by Nelson et al. indicated that climate change is expected to bring about significant yield losses between 3 and 30 % and extinction of land plants and animal species between 15 and 37 % by unless Cited by: The cuurent drought in East Africa, and food emergencies elsewhere in the world are a challenge to address. If the Meles Regime persists with its refusal to accurately report Ethiopia's needs, the people of Tigray and of other regions of Ethiopia will pay the price. Already rations have been cut.   Rahmato, examining communities’ traditional knowledge responses to drought in Ethiopia, argues defines the concept ‘mitigation’ as ‘structural and non-structural measures undertaken to limit the adverse impact of natural hazards, environmental degradation and technological hazards’. Pray to ancestors can mitigate drought : Joseph R. Rukema, Beatrice S. Umubyeyi.

In addition to the need to strengthen the regional bureaus (which is being undertaken with support from a World Bank project), the Ministry of Water Resources aims to develop the capacity to handle water resource policy, which would also enable Ethiopia to participate . Ethiopia had never recovered from the previous great famine of the early s, which was the result of a drought that affected most of the countries of the African Sahel. The late s again brought signs of intensifying drought. You can write a book review and share your experiences. Other readers will always be interested in your opinion of the books you've read. Whether you've loved the book or not, if you give your honest and detailed thoughts then people will find new books that are right for them. Food prices increased significantly in –8 in Ethiopia due to several supply- and demand-side factors. The Ethiopian government released emergency food grain reserves, imported and distributed wheat at subsidized price, banned the export of staple cereals, and removed value added and turnover taxes on food items. It also increased the reserve requirement of commercial banks and reduced.

Manual on small earth dams - A guide to siting, design and construction. The preparation of this book was funded by the Investment Centre Division and for conservation measures. The manual is derived from the author’s many years of experience in dam design. The drought in Ethiopia specifically will, by all estimates, create a dramatic famine catastrophe unless they get good rains this summer." DeMeo estimates a relatively nominal sum would be required to put his teams and equipment into the field in any of these suffering regions, small by comparison to the $ million recently spent by the US.   CSA Manual GIZ SLMP Ethiopia 1. 1 Climate Smart Agriculture (CSA) A Manual for Implementing the Sustainable Land Management Program (SLMP) Part 1: General Concept and Operational Approach Compiled by the Sustainable Land Management (GIZ-SLM) Programme Dr. Georg Deichert, Dr. Ashenafi Gedamu Gobena, Mr. Lloyd Blum, Mr. David Kersting Addis Ababa, Likewise, Ethiopia has a long tradition of resettling people from drought prone and degraded areas to sparsely populated and less exploited corners of the country (Pankhurst ). In the country, there have been population resettlement practices during Imperial, Derg and EPRDF led governments (Mulugeta ; Rahmato ).

Ethiopia: Effects of the Drought and Measures Undertaken Download PDF EPUB FB2

Ethiopia has been implementing an extensive development of water resources, which includes constructing several dams and reservoirs. Reservoirs are also vital in the infrastructure and. BACKGROUND. Disasters in Ethiopia. Natural and man-made disasters and public health emergencies are quite common in Ethiopia due to drought, flood, earthquake, volcanic-eruptions, epidemics of communicable diseases, dry and wet mass movement 1, 2, 3, the natural disasters, drought is the most devastating one since it has been historically common in the northern Cited by: 5.

Most farmers have adopted adaption measures to address the adverse effects of climate change. Adjusting farming behavior and using financial means were the main adaptation measures.

This book is intended as a basic information kit that tells "the story" of desertification, land degradation and drought at the global scale, together with a comprehensive set of graphics. The book indicates trends as they have taken place over the last decades, combining and.

Ethiopia Calls for International Community's Support to Withstand Drought Effects. and severeness of the El Nino induced drought and the measures undertaken by the government in collaboration.

Drought impacts and related risk management by smallholder farmers in developing countries: Evidence from Awash River Basin, Ethiopia Article (PDF Available) in Risk Management 13(4) October.

Meteorological drought indicators are commonly used for agricultural drought contingency planning in Ethiopia. Agricultural droughts arise due to soil moisture deficits. While these deficits may be caused by meteorological droughts, the timing and duration of agricultural droughts need not coincide with the onset of meteorological droughts due to soil moisture by: 1.

Drought can provide a focal point for planning for adaptation to climate change in many inland areas, and climate change may well be a factor in some instances of drought.

It is a challenge that requires effective water management planning and conservation to ensure the safety and well-being of. A famine is a widespread scarcity of food, caused by several factors including war, inflation, crop failure, population imbalance, or government phenomenon is usually accompanied or followed by regional malnutrition, starvation, epidemic, and increased inhabited continent in the world has experienced a period of famine throughout history.

A production handbook for sheep and goats in Ethiopia applicable to many areas of Africa and beyond. Supported by funding from USAID in collaboration with the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural. Determinants of adaptation choices to climate change in agro-pastoral dry lands of Northeastern Amhara, Ethiopia Ademe Mihiretu1*, Eric Ndemo Okoyo2 and Tesfaye Lemma2 Abstract: Climate change exacerbates the daunting defy on agriculture in general and the livestock sector in particular.

The aim of this study was to assess the. In this study, I investigate the impact of two recent episodes of drought in Ethiopia on two measures of cognitive outcomes: Peabody Picture Vocabulary Test (PPVT) scores and Mathematics Test scores.

I use data from the Young Lives study on children followed at ages and In the document of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC ) confirmed with absolute certainty the man-made phenomenon of climate change manifested by the increasing of the average global of the main consequences is the variation in rainfall patterns and the increasing probability of extreme meteorological events like floods or by: 1.

South Africa’s food security is susceptible to drought, therefore, A recent study undertaken for maize indicates that and other measures, which would counteract the effects of limited. The Grand Ethiopian Renaissance Dam (GERD or TaIHiGe; Amharic: ታላቁ የኢትዮጵያ ሕዳሴ ግድብ, romanized: Tālāqu ye-Ītyōppyā Hidāsē Gidib), formerly known as the Millennium Dam and sometimes referred to as Hidase Dam (Amharic: ሕዳሴ ግድብ, romanized: Hidāsē Gidib), is a gravity dam on the Blue Nile River in Ethiopia that has been under construction since Country: Ethiopia.

Executive Summary. Ethiopia faces food insecurities due to diverse factors attributing to the adverse situation in the country. This report asserts that small landholdings, low soil fertility, high national populations, and limited application of inputs to enhance the soil’s ability enhance food insecurity in.

A drought event has the following major components (Dracup et al., ) as derived from Fig. 1 which include: (a) Drought initiation time (t i): it is the starting of the water shortage period, which indicates the beginning of a drought.(b) Drought termination time (t e): it is the time when the water shortage becomes sufficiently small so that drought conditions no longer by:   As can be seen from the table below, the surprising difference between previous famines and one under TPLF regime is that the structure and magnitude of the famines changed from the usual drought born famine in Northern Ethiopia to the shrewd TPLF politics born green famine of the fertile t a doubt, green famine is man-made as opposed to a famine caused by a natural drought.

•Drought has been repeatedly affecting rural peoples in Ethiopia •In main rainy season (locally called meher), most of the eastern flank of the Amhara region was affected by drought due to the global phenomenon the so called El Niño •Most, if not all, of the region rural areas depend on meherFile Size: 3MB.

Benefits of action and costs of inaction: Drought mitigation and preparedness – a literature review Nicolas Gerber and Alisher Mirzabaev About the authors due to inaction, but implicitly cover the mitigating effects of various measures of either relief or risk management.

By in Ethiopia, however, yields from agriculture could fall by 50 % because of the adverse effects of climate change like rise in temperature, drought, flood, erratic rainfall and others (FDRE ). Climate change has been recognized as having potentially severe impacts on livelihood and development (Mengestu ).Cited by: A comprehensive, clearly structured and readable overview of the subject, Introduction to Environmental Impact Assessment quickly established itself as the leading introduction to EIA.

The second edition developed many issues of growing importance in this fast-moving subject area, and reinforced the success of the book. In this third edition, the. the social impacts of drought. In early October,the Director of the Centre for Rural Social Research, Associate Professor Margaret Alston, attended a meeting of the drought taskforce at NSW Agriculture offices in Orange.

At this meeting NSW government and non-government organisations (such as Red Cross, Salvation Army,File Size: 1MB. Solution adaptation, usually through the use of an adaptive grid, is a grid network that automatically or dynamically clusters the grid nodal points in regions where large gradients exist in the flow field.

It therefore employs the solution of the flow properties to locate the grid nodal points in the physical flow domain.

Land degradation in arid, semi-arid, and dry sub-humid areas, leading to desertification is one of the most serious environmental challenges facing Ethiopia today. In order to combat desertification and mitigate the effects of drought, a National Action Programme (NAP) for. The Harresaw Community Report describes the situation of the community inusing a number of different perspectives.

The database from which the report was written was produced in two rounds of fieldwork. The first two-week fieldwork was undertaken in January and provided. Mitigation measures are those actions that are taken to reduce and curb greenhouse gas emissions, while adaptation measures are based on reducing vulnerability to the effects of climate change.

Mitigation, therefore, attends to the causes of climate change, while a daptation addresses its impacts. One of the biggest challenges for South African food security is recurring drought. It is a major concern due to insufficient knowledge and the low levels of resources or livelihood assets available to farmers in vulnerable situations, thereby limiting coping and adaptation choices.

The objective of this paper was to identify the current adaptation and coping measures used by smallholder Author: Dakalo Muthelo, Enoch Owusu-Sekyere, Abiodun A Ogundeji.

MEKELLE UNIVERSITY MEKELLE, ETHIOPIA December P.O. Box-Mekelle, Ethiopia Preface This book of abstracts is a compilation of abstracts and reports of researches undertaken at Mekelle University in the accademic year of E.C ().

It is located in northern Ethiopia, where famine and drought are common and where the. ethiopia participatory poverty assessment The Goals of the Ethiopia PPA A Participatory Poverty Assessment (PPA) has been defined as “an instrument for including poor people’s views in the analysis of poverty and the formulation of strategies to reduce it through public policy.” (Norton et al., p.6).

The Gross Domestic Product (GDP) in Ethiopia expanded 9 percent in from the previous year. GDP Annual Growth Rate in Ethiopia averaged percent from untilreaching an all time high of percent in and a record low of percent in This page provides - Ethiopia GDP Annual Growth Rate - actual values, historical data, forecast, chart, statistics, economic.Increasing evidence supports the role of climate change in the disintegration of regional polities in the Maya lowlands at the end of the Classic Period (– CE).

However, the demographic effects of drought remain largely unknown in the absence of Classic Period textual evidence indicating declines in agricultural productivity and population over this broad geographic by:   Drought is a major disaster in South Africa in terms of total economic loss and number of people affected.

This study investigated and analysed the preparedness, impact of and response by the farming community to the / drought using the Eastern Cape and Free State provinces of South Africa as case by: